Landscape photography is an all-time favorite for both professional and amateur photographers. To avoid taking bland and boring landscapes follow these steps along:
Landscape Photography Tips
1. Photo depth.
In landscape photography, everything needs to be in focus. When everything’s in focus it adds a bit of depth to the photo. That’s why we need to use a slower aperture (f/15 – f/32). A slower aperture makes everything in the photo in focus and sharp. When shooting with a slow aperture your shutter speed is going to be slower, so a tripod is recommended to remove camera shake. Keep your ISO as low as possible to reduce digital noise.
2. Shoot with a wide-angle lens.
It’s recommended to use a wide-angle lens for landscape photography because they have a greater depth of field and give a sense of more open space. They allow you to shoot with faster shutter speeds because they have let more light in. For example, at f/16 everything’s going to be in focus on a wide-angle lens.
3. Shoot with photographic filters.
Photographic filters can really make a difference in the final photo. Polarizing filters darken the sky, bring out blues, and make a contrast with the whites in clouds. By darkening the sky, it brings out the subject in front. Neutral Density filters (ND filters) prevent too much light from entering the sensor.
ND Filters are most useful when shooting landscape on a bright sunny day when the camera is unable to shoot with a slow shutter due to a lot of light. If you want to capture the motion of clouds or water on a bright day use an ND filter.
4. Capture nature movement.
Capturing moving water or clouds is quite a nice touch to your photo. To do that, you need to use a slow shutter speed. But, as I said earlier if it’s a bright day you have to use an ND Filter.
If you’re still new and don’t know how to shoot full manual, I recommend you shoot in S (shutter-priority mode). Set your shutter speed to at least 2 seconds or slower and shoot. If you’re shooting in manual mode, set your shutter speed to 2 seconds or slower, your aperture closed and not wide open, and your ISO as low as possible.
5. Use reflections.
You can create reflections in your photo by shooting with a very low angle with a puddle or some sort of water underneath the camera. The best times to shoot reflections and landscapes, in general, are at golden hours and blue hours. If you go low enough you’ll see some beautiful reflections like this example below:
6. Use the rule of thirds.
Imagine two horizontal lines and two vertical lines crossing and creating nine even rectangles. There are four points in the photo and they’re called “points of interest”. These “points of interest” are where your foreground subject usually needs to be placed in the photo. Some landscape photos look better than others because of this rule, but it’s not mandatory you can still play with the angles and composition. A photo with the rule of thirds is more pleasing to your eyes.